Selasa, 20 November 2012

Sidharta Gautama

Sidharta GautamaGautama Buddha was born as Siddhartha Gautama (Sanskrit: Siddhattha Gotama Pali: "descendant of Gotama whose goal is reached"), he became the Buddha (literally: the enlightened). He is also known as Shakyamuni ("sage of the Sakya clan") and as the Tathagata. Siddhartha Gautama was a spiritual teacher from the northeast region of India who is also the founder of Buddhism [2] It is fundamentally considered by followers of Buddhism as the Supreme Buddha (sammasambuddhas) in the present. Time of birth and death is uncertain: most historians of the early 20th century life estimates between roughly 563 BC to 483 BC; recently, at a symposium of experts on this issue, [3] most of the scientists who explain the opinions of estimates dates ranged from 20 years between 400 BC to the time of death her world, while others advocate the expected date of an earlier or later time.Siddhartha Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism, the description of his life, sermons, and religious regulations believed by Buddhists summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various teaching collection equipment will Siddhartha Gautama given orally, and writing was first made about 400 years later. Students from Western countries are more inclined to accept the biography of the Buddha is described in Buddhist texts as a historical record, but lately "Western states increased student reluctance in giving statements that do not fit the historical facts of the life and teachings of the Buddha." [ 4]

ParentsThe father of Prince Siddhartha Gautama was the King of the Sakya King Suddhodana and his mother was Queen Maha Maya Goddess. Prince Siddharta Gautama's mother died seven days after the birth of the Prince. After his death, he was reborn / Tusita heaven, heaven is sublime. Since the death of Queen Maha Maya Goddess, the Queen of Prince Siddhartha Maha Pajapati cared for by her aunt who is also the wife of King Suddhodana.

BiographyRelief birth of Prince Siddhartha. From the Zen temple You Mitsu, Tokyo.BirthPrince Siddhartha was born in 563 BC in Lumbini, when Queen Maha Maya stood holding sal tree limb. At the time of his birth, two small stream falling from the sky, which is a cold while others warm. These currents washed the body Siddhartha. Siddhartha was born in a clean condition with no stains, standing upright and straightforward to move to the north, and the place was overgrown with lotus dipijakinya.By monks under the leadership of Asita Kaladewala, predicted that the Prince would become a Chakrawartin (Maharaja World) or will become a Buddha. Only a hermit Kondanna which explicitly predicted that the prince would become a Buddha. Hearing this prophecy Majesty became worried, because if the Prince to Buddha, no one will inherit the throne of his kingdom. The question of the King, the hermit explained that the Prince not to look at four different events. If not, he will become a hermit and became a Buddha. Four kinds of events are:

The sick,
The dead,
A hermit.

ChildhoodSince little has been seen that the Prince was a smart kid and very smart, always served by servants and ladies-in-waiting who were young and pretty good-looking in a magnificent and beautiful palace. At the age of 7 years, Prince Siddhartha had 3 lily pond, namely:

Lotus pond Colour Blue (Uppala)
Pond Lotus Flower Color Red (Paduma)
White Colored pond Lotus (Lotus)In the age of 7 years Prince Siddharta has studied various sciences. Prince Siddharta master all the lessons well. In the 16-year old Prince Siddhartha was married to Princess Yasodhara dipersuntingnya after winning the contest. And at the age of 16 years, Prince has three Palace, namely:

The Winter Palace (Ramma)
Summer Palace (Suramma)
Palace of Rainy Season (Subha)

AdulthoodThe words of King Suddhodana hermit Asita made uneasy day and night, for fear that her only son would leave the palace and become a hermit, wandering homeless. For that the king chose a lot of servants to take care of Prince Siddhartha, to his only son enjoy worldly life. All forms of suffering trying to cut off from the life of Prince Siddhartha, such as illness, old age, and death, so that the Lord only knows worldly pleasures.One day Prince Siddhartha asked permission to walk outside the palace, where at different times he saw "four conditions" very significant, namely the elderly, the sick, the dead and the saints. Prince Siddhartha grieve and ask himself, "What is the meaning of life, when all will suffer illness, old age and death. Much more those who ask for help from those who do not understand, who both do not know everything and be bound by This temporary ". Prince Siddharta think that only the holy life that will give you all the answers.For 10 years Prince Siddharta live in worldly pleasures. Prince Siddharta inner turmoil continues until age 29 years, just as the only son Rahula was born. One night, Prince Siddhartha decided to leave the palace and accompanied by his coachman, Canna. His commitment has been rounded to perform general release by living as a hermit.After that Prince Siddhartha left the palace, family, luxury, to go sit seek true knowledge can free mankind from old age, sickness and death. Ascetic Siddhartha apprenticed to Alara Kalama and then to Uddaka Ramāputra, but not satisfied because he had hoped to obtain. Then he meditated torture yourself in the company of five ascetics. Finally, he also left extreme way and meditating under the Bodhi tree for enlightenment.

Period odysseyIn the wanderings, the ascetic Gautama studied practice of ascetic austerities Lord and then deepen ascetic way of two other ascetics, the monks and ascetics Udraka Alara Kalama Ramputra. But after learning how to meditate from both his teacher, remains undiscovered answers he wanted. So the sage Gautama realized that such an ascetic way it will not achieve enlightenment. Then the ascetic Gautama left both his teacher and went to Magadha to perform penance in the forest Uruwela torture yourself, on the banks of the river that flows near the Forest Nairanjana Style. Although it has been done torturing myself imprisoned for six years in the Forest Uruwela, ascetic Gautama still not been able to understand the nature and purpose of asceticism that made these results.One day the sage Gautama heard an old hermitage was advising his son on a boat that crosses the river Nairanjana by saying:

If this harp strings are tightened, his voice will be higher. If it is too tightened, putuslah stringed lute, and the harp's sound gone. If this harp strings loosened, his voice will be more modest. If too loosened, then the sound of the harp was gone

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